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SCHNEIDER, Omar; FERREIRA NETO, Amarílio  e  ALVARENGA, Jeizibel Alves. A escolarização e a sua obrigatoriedade: debates na província do Espírito Santo (1870-1880). Educ. Rev. [online]. 2012, vol.28, n.02, pp.175-202. ISSN 0102-4698.

This research paper has, as its aim, an understanding of the debates regarding schooling and its compulsoriness in the Province of Espírito Santo, between the years of 1870 and 1880. It examines the disputes that took place with respect to a new school form being implanted, marketed as a place of privilege, with the purpose of preparing the citizens of the future, but with the premise that attending this new “socializing” space, is obligatory. The debates indicate that, between the years 1870 and 1880, primary schools were seen as a place where the industrious man was to be prepared, with a capacity for getting the economy moving and for inventiveness, virtuous and patriotic and therefore ready to defend the Nation against internal and external enemies. In a sense, this faith in the power of education is also a placing of faith in the power of science, on this occasion, pedagogical science, and a faith in its renovating methods of teaching didactics. These disputes allow us to get a taste of the opinions that were part of the political movement that re-invigorated the argument for the State’s principle role in establishing an obligatory and state-funded education system, seeking, as it did, ways of organizing teacher formation through the schooling process. Alongside this (achievement) would be the creation of institutions attempting, once more, to bring about the formation of the model citizen of the empire, through education in general, and more specifically, through an investment in Primary schools.

Palavras-chave : Espírito Santo Province; Schooling; Obligatory; Compulsory.

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