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Revista Educação em Questão

Print version ISSN 0102-7735On-line version ISSN 1981-1802


KULESZA, Wojciech Andrzej. Work and pedagogy. Rev. Educ. Questão [online]. 2019, vol.57, n.51, e-16074.  Epub Sep 13, 2019. ISSN 1981-1802.

In this article we search to analyze the historical unfolding of the so-called "school of work" from its pioneer establishment in revolutionary Russia, identifying its relations with Western pedagogy and its appropriation by Brazilian education. Relating the general conception that work should be contemplated by the school with European industrial development, one can clearly see the connection of this idea with the emergence of the renewal movement in education from the second half of the nineteenth century. The pedagogical consequences derived from the inclusion of work as an educational principle, synthesized by the "learning by doing" formula, are present in the main contemporary pedagogical trends, influencing decisively the formulation of the school curriculum. Focusing specifically on basic education (elementary and high school), we identify several teaching methodologies inspired by this orientation that appears in school practice. Finally, the theoretical rationalizations developed are applied to analyze the current situation of the relationship between work and education in the Brazilian high school.

Keywords : Professional education; Technical education; High school; Educational policy.

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