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Revista Estudos Feministas

versión impresa ISSN 0104-026Xversión On-line ISSN 1806-9584


REIS, Ana Paula Poças Zambelli dos  y  GOMES, Candido Alberto. Práticas pedagógicas reprodutoras de desigualdades: a subrepresentação de meninas entre alunos superdotados. Rev. Estud. Fem. [online]. 2011, vol.19, n.02, pp.503-519. ISSN 1806-9584.

According to numerous indicators, Brazil and Latin America are very close to reaching the gender equality goal of Education for All. However, a more careful analysis of statistics finds some niches which are unfavourable to girls, since they are perceived by means of prejudice and stereotypes. This is the case of a state educational system in Brazil, where we detected a clear underrepresentation of girls in a program for gifted pupils. The research project aimed to analyze the criteria used for identifying and recommending pupils to enroll in such a program. Based on specifically processed statistics, the researchers selected the geographical area where underrepresentation reached its highest level. Then they conducted semi-structured interviews with schoolteachers as well as with teachers and psychologists of the Program. After that, each participant filled out a checklist of "typical" features and/or behaviours found in gifted girls and boys. Results revealed that schoolteachers underestimated girls' abilities and skills in the process of selection and recommendation for the program. According to interviews, their own negative image of woman partially affects this bias against female pupils. Nevertheless, the Program's teachers and psychologists had a much better understanding on gender inequalities and giftedness, compatible with specialized literature. Therefore, the underrepresentation of girls was a result of a largely biased, subjective selection process and recommendation at schools. As a consequence, teachers need adequate preparation if the educational system maintains the program.

Palabras clave : Gender; Stereotype; Gifted Students; Special Education.

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