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Ensaio: Avaliação e Políticas Públicas em Educação

versão impressa ISSN 0104-4036


COSTA, Jorge Adelino; NETO-MENDES, Antônio; VENTURA, Alexandre  e  AZEVEDO, Sara. O fenômeno das explicações: aspectos da realidade portuguesa e do contexto global. Ensaio: aval. pol. públ. educ. [online]. 2007, vol.15, n.57, pp.475-488. ISSN 0104-4036.

Private tutoring, as a phenomenon that occurs mainly outside of school, can be interpreted through several points of view: as a pedagogical instrument for pupils who have already experienced or think they will experience school ailure; as something that helps families in “conquering” the best positions to compete in the selective process to enter a university; as an expression of the education market, in which families exercise their freedom of choice; as a phenomenon hat can put external pressure on schools, namely when it is identified by its “consumers” (families) as a symptom of the reduced quality and efficiency of schools; or, on the other hand, as an ally of schools in securing better exam results, having in view the improvement of their position in the socalled school ranking. The perspective adopted notwithstanding, it seems essential to us to further explore the contours of this phenomenon, in Portugal, and in other national contexts. As a follow-up to the research on private tutoring began in 2001, which now has five consecutive years of information gatherings, carried out through a questionnaire aimed at 12th year pupils (last year of Portuguese secondary education, the school year preceding higher education entry) of four secondary schools of a city located in the Portuguese coast, which we call Aquarela City, we present here some data concerning the 2005/2006 school year.

Palavras-chave : Private Tutoring; Academic Success; Equity; Education Market.

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