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Revista Brasileira de Educação Especial

versión impresa ISSN 1413-6538


BUENO, José Geraldo Silveira. Generalists or specialists? Teacher´s formation and Special Educational needs. Rev. bras. educ. espec. [online]. 1999, vol.03, n.05, pp.07-25. ISSN 1413-6538.

Considering the principles of the Salamanca Declaranon, issued in the World Conference of Special Education of 1994, this paper attempts do present a critical reflection about the relationship between teachers´ formation and policies for the inclusion of children with special education needs in regular schools, within the discussion of the question relative to generalist and specialist teachers. With such purpose, it analyses firstly the new demands posed by inclusive education, in terms of educational policies and their consequences for regular as well as special education. This analysis is followed by a critical discussion of the repercussions of inclusive education for teachers´ formation, with emphasis on the specialized teacher. As a conclusion, it is suggested that the dichotomy between specialist and generalist constitutes a mistaken issue, since inclusive education assume that the regular school teachers have to acquire some type of specialization in order to face a population that presents peculiar characteristics, while the special school teachers have to expand their perspectives, traditionally centered on those characteristics.

Palabras clave : Teachers´ Formation; Educational Politics; Special Education.

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