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Revista Brasileira de Educação Especial

versión impresa ISSN 1413-6538versión On-line ISSN 1980-5470


NUNES, Débora Regina de Paula; BARBOSA, João Paulo da Silva  y  NUNES, Leila Regina de Paula. Alternative Communication for Students with Autism at School: a Literature Review. Rev. bras. educ. espec. [online]. 2021, vol.27, e0212.  Epub 15-Jun-2021. ISSN 1980-5470.

Meta-analytical and descriptive studies conducted in recent decades have demonstrated the effectiveness of Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) for people with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Most of these investigations have focused, however, on the clinical effectiveness of AAC without considering pragmatic aspects of assisted communication in unstructured contexts, such as schools. Te aim of this investigation was to expand, through an integrative literature review, the current body of research, analyzing the contexts where AAC was used with students with ASD in regular schools. In this sense, a search was carried out on the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES) journals portal and on the electronic catalog of theses and dissertations of this same agency with previously defined terms Te eight studies found, published between 2015 and 2018, included participants between 3 and 12 years of age who used assisted communication systems, primarily AAC boards and picture cards. All studies were conducted in the regular classroom and / or Multifunctional Resource Rooms, but two included the home environment. Despite the use of AAC in natural contexts, involving known interlocutors, gaps were identified in pragmatic aspects of student communication. Tere was a predominance of imperative communication, focusing primarily on pragmatic solicitation behaviors. Despite the limitations identified, the studies revealed positive results on the use of AAC for students with ASD.

Palabras clave : Augmentative and Alternative Communication; Autism Spectrum Disorder; Pragmatic Language.

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