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Educação e Pesquisa

versão impressa ISSN 1517-9702


BATISTA, Sueli Soares dos Santos. Educação, psicanálise e sociedade: possibilidades de uma relação crítica. Educ. Pesqui. [online]. 1999, vol.25, n.01, pp.107-116. ISSN 1517-9702.

The aim of this paper is to search in the relationship between psychoanalysis and education for possible elements that allow us to overcome the psychologization of educational problems, which are essentially of a social, political and economical nature. However, the fruitful aspect of that relationship is not desregarded, which one is represented by the use of the psychoanalytical hermeneutics associated with the dialectical critique of culture. By adopting a Frankfurtian reading of the Freudian thinking, the paper points out the importance of psychoanalysis to the reflection on the production of knowledge and about the relationship between student and teacher, as well as to denounce the pedagogical attitudes that are merely adaptive and does not contribute to the students’ emancipation. If the ambiguity of the cultural formation and, in a strict sense, of the education, can not be eliminated by a simple terminological clarification, it is a task of the Critical Theory to weigh concepts against reality. Cultural formation is therefore the negation of what we have experienced until now: a socialized half-formation (Halbbildung) capable of being apprehended in education through pedagogical parameters that have not deepened their reflection about culture and the theory of knowledge, about the democratization of education, about the cultural industry, and about the unconscious processes existing in the school-society relationship. One advocates the theoretical effort against the practicism dominant in initiatives taken in relation to education.

Palavras-chave : Education; Psychoanalysis; Critical Theory.

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