SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.26 número01Notas em torno de retratos de criançaA "infância desamparada" no asilo agrícola de Santa Isabel: instrução rural e infantil (1880 - 1886) índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados




Educação e Pesquisa

versão impressa ISSN 1517-9702


GONDRA, José G.. A sementeira do porvir: higiene e infância no século XIX. Educ. Pesqui. [online]. 2000, vol.26, n.01, pp.99-117. ISSN 1517-9702.

This paper presents a reflection and analysis of the construction of the idea of childhood in Brazil. Religion, science, progress, industry, commerce and civilization are some of the signs that have been part of the shaping and construction of this concept within the Brazilian context. In face of the complexity of the issue, and of the proliferation of discourses about childhood, only one of them is examined here, a considerably influential discourse in the 19th century that rests upon an alliance between regenerating and civilizing. That formula, whose legitimacy was built inside the medical profession, determined that this work should focus the Medical School of Rio de Janeiro (FMRJ), one of the places where the issue of childhood was present throughout the 19th century. With a view to analyze the representations made about childhood, part of the academic production of the Medical School of Rio de Janeiro was examined, specially the doctoral theses. Apart from that, judicious use was made of the proceedings of the First Brazilian Congress on the Protection of Childhood, and of the ensemble of theses from the First National Conference on Education, in an attempt to indicate the continuity of childhood as a theme in the medical discourse, the emphasis on the need of its hygiene, and certain displacements of representations.

Palavras-chave : History of Education; Childhood; Hygiene; School Education.

        · resumo em Português     · texto em Português     · Português ( pdf )