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Educação e Pesquisa

versión impresa ISSN 1517-9702versión On-line ISSN 1678-4634


SANTOS, Tiago Ribeiro  y  VALLE, Ione Ribeiro. Sacred and profane in the pedagogical thought of Emile Durkheim. Educ. Pesqui. [online]. 2019, vol.45, e184736.  Epub 08-Mar-2019. ISSN 1678-4634.

The article analyzes lectures Émile Durkheim (1858-1917) prepared for two courses in the field of education, “Pedagogical evolution” and “Moral education”, which were posthumously published in 1938. As forms of exposition of Durkheim’s pedagogical thought, these lectures present a perspective of education that is both historical, emphasizing continuities and discontinuities of teaching in the West, and anthropological, based on the contemporary reality of the sociologist. Considering this constitutional dyad of Durkheim’s thought, based on concepts of the sacred and profane the article presents social tensions that reveal a conflictive perspective of educational reality. These tensions involve a less consensual sociological view of education and confer to practices such as reading, the moderate exercise of punishment, and the diffusion of knowledge, ambiguous roles particular to the duality of sacred and profane. Durkheim thus simultaneously reveals dramatic and dynamic attributes of his thought, without neglecting the moral nature of education.

Palabras clave : Durkheim; Sacred; Profane; Moral education.

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