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Educação e Pesquisa

versión impresa ISSN 1517-9702versión On-line ISSN 1678-4634


LIMA, Iana Gomes de  y  HYPOLITO, Álvaro Moreira. The expansion of neoconservatism in Brazilian education. Educ. Pesqui. [online]. 2019, vol.45, e190901.  Epub 26-Jul-2019. ISSN 1678-4634.

Considering that, in recent years, a conservative wave is being observed in Brazil that accompanies conservative movements around the world, it becomes important to study in a deeper way the neoconservative movement in the Brazilian educational scenario. This is the main purpose of this article. To do so, initially, a characterization of neoconservatism is made, based on studies by authors dealing with the US context. This first section also presents a brief history about the emergence of this movement. Soon after, some reasons are pointed out that justify the need for analyses on neoconservatives in Brazil. The article also has examples of some actions in the educational field that can be characterized as neoconservatives. We analyze the Non-Partisan School (ESP) movement, its main guidelines in relation to education, and the discussions about the National Curricular Common Base (BNCC), especially the issues related to what has been called gender ideology. The ESP and the BNCC are examined based on the theoretical conceptualization developed throughout the article, in articulation with the patterns and characteristics of the Brazilian neoconservative movement. It is concluded that, in the last years, there is a significant advance of neoconservative articulations in the political field and in the educational field. There is an insistent and intense action of neoconservatives in the elaboration of important documents of the Brazilian educational legislation.

Palabras clave : Neoconservatism; Conservative modernization; Non-partisan school; National curricular common base.

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