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Educação UFSM

versão On-line ISSN 1984-6444


CAVALCANTE, Tatyana Murer  e  OLIVEIRA, Terezinha. Ética na universidade medieval: a importância da leitura dos clássicos para a elaboração de Tomás de Aquino. Educação. Santa Maria [online]. 2012, vol.37, n.02, pp.217-228. ISSN 1984-6444.

This paper aims to present some considerations about the importance of reading  to the development of the ethics conceptions of Thomas Aquinas (1224 - 5? / 1274). At the dawn of the thirteenth century, the townspeople of Medieval West created a new institution designed for knowledge and education: the University. In it, teachers and disciples were debating key issues for the new society using mainly texts of Ancient Philosophy and Christians, but also Arab and Jewish writings. The literacy forms used encompassed mainly lectio and disputatio, and counteracted by distinct theoretical bases, those thinkers eventually recreated the summa, in a original and fundamental form to the philosophical elaboration of that time. To discuss the importance of reading in the formulation of the concept of ethics in the medieval university, we will present some characteristics of the production of knowledge in the thirteenth century linked to its historical context and then discuss some ethical considerations of Thomas Aquinas, one of the most prominent authors of that period. Considering the limits of this article, only one text, “The object of charity” based on Aquinas major work, the Summa of Theology, will be discussed in depth. Preliminarily, it is possible to state that as well as the reading of classical authors by Thomas Aquinas and other masters of the thirteenth century, helped them develop knowledge about ethics conforming to their time, historical reading of these authors helps in the understanding of today.

Palavras-chave : History of Education; Medieval Education; Higher Education; Reading and Ethics; Thomas Aquinas.

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