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vol.11 issue02The process of implementing compulsory nine year-elementary education in Minas Gerais: issues and tensionsTeachers and children in the first year of nine-year elementary education: challenges and expectations author indexsubject indexarticles search
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On-line version ISSN 1984-7114


MAREGA, Agatha Marine Pontes  and  SFORNI, Marta Sueli de Faria. Six-year old children at school: is it play time or study time?. Contrapontos [online]. 2011, vol.11, n.02, pp.143-151. ISSN 1984-7114.

One of the main concerns with regard to six-year-old children attending compulsory school is the fact that they are placed so early in a formal learning situation that their right to play is jeopardized. Based on this, a study was carried out, to investigate how the teaching of six-year-old children can be organized in a way that eases transition from play to study. Analyses were based on the Historical-Cultural Theory (Vygotsky, Leontiev and Elkonin). A didactic experiment was developed with first-year students in the first year of a government school in Maringá PR Brazil. Although play and learning activities do not have the same properties, one factor that they share is their subject matter, which is present in both play and in study. Activities on this subject matter comprise the pedagogical method during the transition period. This enables the children, during play activities, to go beyond the reproduction of daily relationships common in free play, and broaden their knowledge of the world. It therefore brings them closer to the scientific knowledge in the school curriculum.

Keywords : Nine-Year Elementary Education; Play Activities; Study Activities; Historical and Cultural Theory.

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