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MENEZES, Cristiane Souza de; MACHADO, Charliton José dos Santos  e  NUNES, Maria Lúcia da Silva. Mulher e educação na República Velha: transitando entre o discurso histórico e o literário. Educação. UNISINOS [online]. 2009, vol.13, n.01, pp.43-50. ISSN 2177-6210.

This paper, which is linked to the HISTEDBR/GT-PB research group and to the research project “Education and educators in the state of Paraíba in the 20th century: practices, readings and representations”, aims to understand the meanings of teaching and female education in the Old Republic on the Basis of the representations of women that were common in this period of Brazilian society. Its methodology is a bibliographic research, with the analysis of two literary works, A educação nacional, by José Veríssimo Dias de Matos, published in 1890 and again in 1906 with the addition of a chapter titled A educação da mulher brasileira, and the novel O quinze, by Raquel de Queiroz, published in 1930, which has as its main character the teacher Conceição. This research project is situated in the area of Gender Studies and adopts the theoretical and methodological assumptions of the New Cultural History. Although in that period the encouragement of female teaching and women’s education was justified by their association to the representations of women as mothers, wives and housewives, as first and primary educators of the future citizens, both literary works also show the incipient insertion of women in a wider social process, with changes in women’s behavior and the gradual occupation of the public space. These are advances connected to women’s access to continued school education and the labor market through teaching.

Palavras-chave : Teaching; Women’s Education; Old Republic.

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