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Conjectura: Filosofia e Educação

versión impresa ISSN 0103-1457versión On-line ISSN 2178-4612


BATISTA, Gustavo Araújo. Some thanatological reflections of educational character in Plato´s thought. Conjectura: filos. e Educ. [online]. 2016, vol.21, n.3, pp.582-603. ISSN 2178-4612.

The versatility of his philosophy makes of Plato (428/7-348/7 a.C.) a thinker who, perennially, provides matter for reflection about several topics, including the death one. In Fedon, dealing with the last moments of Socrates (471/470-399 a.C.), the philosopher conceives his ideary about death in a way that, educationally, may be possible to reflect about it. The objective is to extract, from some of his works, excerpts which allow articulating, in the ambit of platonic thought, the following tetrad: education, philosophy, death and virtue. The adopted exposition has the following proceeding: firstly, an approach about outlined aspects of platonic philosophy; secondly, explanations of convergences of the aforementioned aspects for the appointments of educational order about death. The proceeding is from a theoretical research, one making use of an analytical methodology, whose contribution is based on authors, like these ones: Jaeger (2003), Paviani (2008), Reale (1997) and Teixeira (2006). This work justifies itself for the reflective fertility provided by platonic philosophy, especially about practicability of a thanatological reflection of educational character. What one appoints as result is the finding that Plato proposes death as an educational question, because to reason about human existence, under hypothesis of its continuity or finitude, is something evoked by death possibility, which raises questions about what human being is, as well as about what human being must do or wait for, which, effectively, links itself to virtue issue.

Palabras clave : Education; Philosophy; Death; Plato; Virtue.

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