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Acta Scientiarum. Education

versión impresa ISSN 2178-5198versión On-line ISSN 2178-5201


PANIZZOLO, Claudia. Reading books and the construction of a national identity of Italian and Italian descendant children (São Paulo in the early 20th century). Acta Educ. [online]. 2019, vol.41, e45486.  Epub 01-Mayo-2019. ISSN 2178-5201.

By the end of 19th century, foreign immigrants started to play an increasingly relevant role in the history of Sao Paulo. This text aims to investigate the civility operations printed in and imposed by reading books that have reached expressive circulation in Italian ethnical schools and in São Paulo primary schools which immigrants and/or their children attended, between late 19th and early 20th centuries. From a theoretical-methodological approach from cultural history, we take, as privileged sources, the ‘Graduate series by Puiggari-Barreto’ and the reading book Piccolo mondo. Procedures, tools, sources and guidelines for analysis were defined based on the conceptual corpus as conceived by Norbert Elias, for we are interested in examining practices and processes of modelling children subjects who were living the social time of childhood, through which mental and psychic settings are instituted and in which cognition, feelings, attitudes, behaviors and values are not likely to be abstract. In their books, authors express a civilization project in which citizenship, love for the homeland and the acknowledgment of heroes, values, language, great deeds, monuments and landscapes have become prominent. Authors have claimed, in books produced in both sides of the Atlantic Ocean, hallmarks of a national identity they longed for.

Palabras clave : Italian immigration; ethnical schools; Sao Paulo primary school; reading books; Sao Paulo.

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