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Revista Exitus

versión On-line ISSN 2237-9460


SILVA, Adão Rogério Xavier  y  CARVALHO, Mark Clark Assen de. HISTORICAL DEMARCATIONS ON THE STUDENT ASSISTANCE POLICY IN BRAZIL. Rev. Exitus [online]. 2020, vol.10, e020042.  Epub 28-Mar-2022. ISSN 2237-9460.

This study aims to situate issues that contribute to demarcate the unfolding of Student Assistance policy in Higher Education in Brazil. To that end, it was used document analysis and literature review, especially the proposal presented by Kowalski (2012), whose configuration is outlined in three phases. The results indicate that the first phase went through the period of creation of the first Brazilian universities until the definition of the first instruments for the institutionalization of educational policy, a moment marked by the punctual character of the initiatives, given the unique and exclusive service of the Brazilian elite that notably enjoyed privileged access to higher education. The second phase materialized in a social scenario in which there was a predisposition to include students in assistance programs, whose demand was intrinsically linked to the process of democratization and expansion of places in higher education. It is observed, however, that, in the legal instruments, there was no designation of financial resources to fund the programs. Finally, the third phase begins with the execution of the Program of Support for Plans of Restructuring and Expansion of Federal Universities in the 2007s, and extends to the present day, when there is, properly, the landmark of the institutionalization of the public policy of student assistance through the Normative Ordinance MEC No. 39, issued in 2007 and, later, the Decree No. 7.234, issued in 2010, which established the National Program of Student Assistance, known as PNAES.

Palabras clave : Student Assistance Policy; PNAES; Access and Permanence.

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