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Educação & Formação

versão On-line ISSN 2448-3583


NUNES, Maria Lúcia da Silva; MACHADO, Charliton José dos Santos  e  SOUSA, Débia Suênia da Silva. “Teaching children is the priesthood that leads to good”: education, teaching and school in the newspaper O Educador (1921-1922). Educ. Form. [online]. 2021, vol.6, n.1, e1485.  Epub 04-Jan-2021. ISSN 2448-3583.

From the theoretical-methodological perspective of the new cultural history, the objective was to analyze the conceptions of education, school and teaching conveyed by the journal O Educador (1921-1922), taking as source: a report of the director general of public education, two articles and two informative texts. The research was carried out mainly in the collections of the Instituto Histórico e Geográfico da Paraíba. After source survey and analysis, it emerged that the school of the first decades of the twentieth century was considered the first space of formation of the citizen, becoming a “temple of hope and faith”, with the mission of propagating useful knowledge to social life and shaping the moral personality of the student to the practice of the duties. In this context, there was a transition between the governments of Camilo de Holanda and Sólon de Lucena, with the emblematic struggle being the implementation of the Public Instruction Reform (1917, as a modernizing proposal. Thereby, the primary teacher would be a missionary who, exercising a sacred ministry with affection and dedication, formed, beyond the intellect, the soul and heart of his pupils, enabling them to serve their homeland, family and society. Thus, it is concluded that the focus of education was to prepare the student to move actively and disciplinarily toward the future of a better society.

Palavras-chave : Education; Teaching; School.

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